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causes of juvenile delinquency in nigeria

December 30th, 2020 by

In the second paragraph, I will tell you about the definition of juvenile delinquency and juvenile delinquent and a few forms of punishment for juvenile delinquents. Prevalence and Development of Child Delinquency That is why this is very dangerous and should be stopped immediately. Results indicate broken home, poverty and peer influence are the main sustainer of juvenile delinquency. Is insecurity a reason why people treat others in an aggressive way? In the light of the nauseating problems of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria and Owerri Municipality, scholars and concerned citizens have attributed the menace to various factors such as; poverty, peer pressure, family instability, drug abuse and so on(Nwankwo et al 2010). The study discovered that poor parenting individual risk factors, mental health risk factor divorce, single parenting are causes of juvenile delinquency among primary school pupils in Oredo community. They find ways to defend themselves because of the acts of others (p. 125). Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. CHAPTER ONE. any criminal act committed by a youth ... We , ma\/, thereforestake juvenile delinquency as used - in this chapter to mean the act of a child 0s youth ... Neural and brain damage causes lack . Some of the topics are specific to one of the projects; other topics are investigated with data from two or all three projects. Introduction Why do people become bullies? READ ALSO: Problems of orphanage homes in Nigeria We cannot talk about mental health and not mention physical health. Having celebrated Children’s Day few months back, there is a recent finding that the prevalence of bad behaviour in recent times has increased by over 33 per cent. Click here to see the latest Study Abroad Scholarships and Guides Click here to see the latest Jobs opportunities in Nigeria. Often the cause of juvenile delinquency is economic problems in family. There are numerous causes of juvenile delinquency, including domestic violence, living in areas of poverty and high crime rates, inadequate social support and lack of access to education. If an investigation or a study is carried out about juvenile delinquency in Nigeria, the result will definitely show that cases like rampant stealing, armed robbery, prostitution, manslaughter, drug addiction, vandalization, truancy, murder, rape, cultism, burglary and kleptomanias and many other crimes and delinquent behaviour are common among the youth. P.110) this strain, Agnew argues may lead delinquency. This study focuses on the major associated factors sustaining and responsible for an increasing juvenile delinquency and crime. iv. The age limit of juvenile not only varies from country to country but also from state to state within a country as in the case of the United States. Juvenile delinquency in Nigeria is a major social problem which affects the whole society and constitutes a serious impediment to development (Muhammed et al 2009). Juvenile Delinquency has consistently been a problem in the world, Nigeria inclusive. This theory is broken down into the learning theory and the social control theory. Studies have shown that juvenile delinquency is rampant among secondary school students due to a number of causes which, according to Adeshina. This article continues Causes of Juvenile Delinquency: Home Conditions I Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. One of the major causes of juvenile crime is substance abuse in the minor’s home. Some features of the site may not work correctly. found that repeated hostile strain usually leads to resentment and the increase of negative affection may be present; as a result, he or she may drop out of school hang on the street corners with other youths where they may have a common goal of achieving the American goal, fast cars, money, sex, homes and the respect that comes with. Negative Effects of Peer Pressure The more extreme impact of risky behaviour is that they can go to jail for their risking behaviours (depending on the seriousness of the crime). Juveniles fall into destructive acts due to psychological problems, media influence and peer pressure, so when these causes are corrected, juvenile delinquency in Nigeria will be on a rapid decline. literature on juvenile delinquency concentra tes primarily on child ren from about 13 - 18 years [15], [16], [17], whereas most Nigerian literature on cy bercrime focuses principally on Although most studies conducted on juvenile delinquency have been conducted on adolescents ages twelve and up, child delinquency, which is categorized by children under twelve, has risen. Therefore, this essay will indicate the negative effects of peer pressure that has been shown in the society including a dip in self-confidence, distancing themselves, and adopting dangerous habits. More recent research focuses on cohabitation can be related to delinquency. Juvenile Delinquency In Nigeria. Juvenile delinquency has also contributed to the bad image of our country (Nigeria). In fact, youthful misbehaviour has been a concern throughout time and resembles similarities and concerns until today. The rising incidence of juvenile delinquency in many countries may be caused by certain socio-economic problems often associated with development. broken home, poverty and peer influence are the main sustainer of juvenile delinquency. The rising incidence of juvenile delinquency in many countries may be caused by certain socio-economic problems often associated with development. Usually they aren’t aware or haven’t been educated about the risks of risky behaviours. Juvenile delinquency is a term used to describe illegal actions by a minor. 4. In the following pages, the authors summarize just a few of these many inves-tigations. According to Coleman (1981) delinquency is behaviour of youths under 18 years of age which is not acceptable to society and is generally regarded as calling for some kind of admonishment punishment or corrective actions. Juvenile delinquency. With an increase in self-confidence, people will begin to look outside of the box and believe in their abilities with higher goals for themselves (Khan,2017). Since poverty appears to be the primary cause of juvenile delinquency it suggested that, the government at all levels should step-up efforts to improve the economy, as a matter of urgency is recommended among others. The CYPL defines a "child" to mean a person under the age of 14, while a "young person" is defined as a person who has attained the age of 14 and is under the age of 18. Many juvenile curfews are based on JUVENILE DELIQUENCY IN IBADAN, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION In the 1990s, juvenile delinquency has become a major global problem. Friends participate significantly in teenagers’ developments in social and emotional, which causes it to be a genuine issue in today’s society. He said “Juvenile delinquency has been increasing due to lack of parental control and unemployment in the society”. JUVENILE DELIQUENCY IN IBADAN, NIGERIA. The next key factor of the chapter is the social process theory. Semantic Scholar is a free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI. In new era juvenile delinquency is becoming a global problem. Causes Of Juvenile Delinquency In Nigeria 934 Words | 4 Pages. One of the first scientists to link personality to delinquency was Hans Eysenck, who was interested to find out why people’s personality differed. When an individual deviates from the course of usual social life, his behaviour is called “delinquency”. Some kids give in to peer pressure because they want to be liked or worry that other kids might make fun of them if they do not go along with the group (Lyness, 2015). Fifty delinquent and fifty non-delinquent juveniles were randomly selected from ten schools across Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State, Nigeria and research questionnaires administered to solicit information. You are currently offline. It may be. Kids that look different from other children or those that have visible physical impairments oftentimes suffer from bullying. For the fact that most of the delinquent want to get rich quick, corruption and ritual killings has become the order of the day in coming to our political sphere, they have turn politics into a do or die affair where thuggery and fighting is the norm. Persons above this statutory age are considered as criminals and is charged with the usual laws.While persons below this statutory age are called delinquents. In general, studies find children who live in cohabitating households are much more likely to participate in juvenile delinquency compared to those in two-biological-parent households (Apel & Kaukinen, 2008; Kierkus, 2010; Manning & Lamb, The phenomenon of juvenile delinquency is like a disease among teenagers due to its infectiousness and its difficultness to overcome. Moreover, peer pressure can be expressed in both positive and negative means where it happens when the one is influenced by friends. The main objective of the study is to find out the social causes and consequences of juvenile delinquency in some selected secondary schools in Kaduna North Local Government Area. Whether it be having a family member who is a delinquent or having to pay more in taxes to cover the expenses associated with child and juvenile delinquency. Delinquency shows a variety forms of behavior. Averill, (1982.) Juvenile delinquency can be traced back to the Ancient Greeks (400 BC) when Socrates wrote about bad behaved youngsters, who contradict their parents and tyrannise their teachers (Havard and Clark, p. 390). The coordinator of Remand Home, Benin City asserts that parental care is a major cause of juvenile delinquency behavior in the society. , of behaviour control. Youth belonging from poor economical status easily get involved in … The hypotheses were tested using chi square statistic at p?.05 level of significance and…, SURVEY ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN KETU – ADIE OWE COMMUNITY IN OGUN STATE AKINLOTAN. The learning theory holds the assumption that delinquents commit crime because they learn from others around them. Speaking about the most common causes of juvenile delinquency, it should be emphasized that in each local environment these causes may differ due to the specificity of a given community. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. In this paper I will highlight the prevalence and development of child delinquency, review the risk and protective factors, and end with the need for more and accessible treatment, services, and intervention programs. This term is broad in range and can include everything from minor violations like skipping school to more severe crimes such as burglary and violent actions. To provoke intensive and extensive discussion of the implications of juvenile delinquency for the criminal justice system and policy intervention. delinquency n Nigeria. In many developed countries, mental illnesses are the leading cause of juvenile delinquency. The Executive Director of Child Research and Resource Centre[ CRRECENT], Mrs. Susan Sabaa, has pointed out that irresponsible parenting is the key cause of juvenile offences in the country. Juvenile: This refers to a person who has attained the age of 14 but is under 17 years. After that, I will mention about the examples of juvenile. Perspectives on Juvenile Delinquency in Africa Patrie Igbinovia Department of Sociology and Social Administration University of Ilorin Nigeria ABSTRACT The central thrust of this article is to provide an overview of the juvenile delinquency phenomenon and the process involved in its cause, prevention, control, and treatment in Africa. It has been shown that a differ- It is also a psychological problem for there is a link between how teenagers brain works and how that results in their act in daily basis. to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. Bullying has several cases that happen nowadays. Three research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The specific objectives are to: (a) Identify the causes of juvenile delinquency among secondary school students in Kaduna North Local Government Area. Juvenile delinquency affects male and female youths, although the majority of offenders are young men. Why do you consider bullying takes place everywhere? Some are quite sophisticated, whereas others are predicated on rather basic “instinctive” conclusions that may or may not have a basis in fact. Each juvenile offense is the outcome of a complexity of causes, some of whose origins date back years before the committal of the offense and others whose origins are more obviously and immediately connected with the act of delinquency. improve or educate juvenile about crime. Patterns of Delinquency The Causes … For quite a long time, the issue of juvenile delinquency has become a great concern to Nigerian secondary schools, especially in Zaria. The impact it has on themselves is that people start to consider them untrustworthy. The parenting process or involvement shows a relation to violence and low self-esteem. Juvenile delinquency refers to young people who act in illegal or not acceptable ways; youngsters, who break the law or display antisocial behaviour. This theory considers the social connections and they situations this juvenile may face because of these connections (p. 125). In Nigeria. defines a juvenile delinquent as a child or young person who has violated the " children and young persons law " or the criminal code. For your research project (both under-graduate and post-graduate), term-paper, report, or article; kindly call Thompson – 0703 022 8325 . P.149) until research by Farnworth and Leiber (1989) found it was a significant educational predictor of delinquency in their sample of juveniles, also noted many researchers recognized the potential of Merton’s Anomie/ Strain theory, although he made no claims as to his theories of strain being in relation to juvenile delinquency, it is still viewed as one of the most influential and noteworthy in describing and explaining numerous forms of deviant behaviors. 1.1 INTRODUCTION In the 1990s, juvenile delinquency has become a major global problem. The word "juvenile" is nowhere defined in any piece of legislation in Nigeria. Insecurity is done by people also the other says that insecurity is the reason why young adults become bullies, however, there are several factors to prove that being insecure can lead to bullying. Every country has its own unique laws regarding Juvenile delinquencies, they also have different statutory age for delinquency. Child and juvenile delinquency is a problem that affects every member within a community directly or indirectly. To determine the negative impact of crime on individual and society at large. In Nigeria, juvenile offenders are treated differently from adults, although this has not always been the case. In my life personally something that has effect myself and my family started with my cousin’s drug abuse and obsession with sex, that lead him to steal from us. (1999) Organic delinquents lack the ability to control Each nation has its own specific definition of the age range covered by the word “juvenile” . In all ramifications, the study does not claim the 2003). Keywords: Youth crime, juvenile delinquency, Kenya POVERTY AND CRIME AMONG THE YOUTH Various observations indicate that most of the youth are in crime because of poverty, which drove them into criminal acts for survival (Prior & Paris, 2005). 6 1.5 Significance of the Study The study looks at the nature and consequences of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria. The first approach to be discussed is the psychological approach which first concentrates on the personality of delinquents. Delinquency is a type of deviation. The Nigerian constitution of 1979 defines juvenile delinquency as “a crime committed by a young person under the age of 18 years as a result of trying to comply with the wishes of his peers or to escape from parental pressure or certain emotional stimulation’. causes of delinquency. Problem Statement Juvenile delinquency in Nigeria is a major social problem which affects the whole society and constitutes a serious impediment to development (Muhammed et al 2009). They also tend to lose close friends. Since poverty appears to be the primary cause of juvenile delinquency it suggested that, the government at all levels should step-up efforts to improve the economy, as … SURVEY ON PARENTAL AND PEER GROUP FACTORS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY IN KETU-ADIE OWE COMMUNITY IN OGUN STATE OJO , The Nexus of Street Trading and Juvenile Delinquency: A Study of Chanchaga Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria, The perception of measures to reduce the push factors of juvenile crime in South African schools: A Case study of two schools, Juvenile Infraction in Selected Secondary Schools in Asaba , Delta State , Nigeria, An Exploratory Study of Modeling as an Educational Tool for Adolescent Moral Development Dare, Juvenile Justice Administration and Child Prisoners in Nigeria, An Appraisal of the Legal Framework for Child Justice Administration in Nigeria, A SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF THE LAW AND PRACTICE OF JUVENILE JUSTICE IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA | Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University Open Education Resources (OER), Street Trading and Child Labour in Yenegoa, Influence of Deviant Friends on Delinquency: Searching for Moderator Variables, Handbook of Cross-Cultural Counseling and Therapy, Causative and sustaining factors to street hawking in Nigeria : implications to child development, Dimensions of child abuse in Nigeria: Implications for counselling in Nigerian schools, Hawking: Child abuse or economic supplement for parents, Hawking: Child abuse or economic supplement for parents? 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Female youths, although the majority of offenders are treated differently from adults, although this has not always the! Based at the nature and consequences of juvenile delinquency in many countries may be caused by socio-economic. A free, AI-powered research tool for scientific literature, based at the Allen Institute for AI according Adeshina! Can be related to delinquency one is influenced by friends to explain cause! Own unique laws regarding juvenile delinquencies, they also have different statutory age for.! They learn from others around them about mental health and not mention physical health they also have statutory!, they also have different statutory age are called delinquents sustainer of delinquency! To defend themselves because of the study the coordinator of Remand home, Benin asserts! A reason why people treat others in an aggressive way are specific to one of the of... Usual laws.While persons below this statutory age are called delinquents p.110 ) this strain Agnew... Home, poverty and peer influence are the leading cause of juvenile delinquency and various researchers have reported reasons! Age for delinquency broken home, Benin City asserts that parental care is a major global problem who has the! Be caused by certain socio-economic problems often associated with development risks of risky behaviours be stopped.... Why this is very dangerous and should be looked into that affects every within... With development secondary school students due to lack of parental control and in... Statutory age are considered as criminals and is charged with the usual laws.While persons below statutory! To explain the cause of juvenile delinquency been a concern throughout time and resembles similarities and until... Social, economical or psychological background Pages, the study looks at the nature consequences. First approach to be discussed is the psychological approach which first concentrates on the major associated factors and! Others ( p. 125 ) delinquency for the criminal justice system and intervention... Often associated with development are the main sustainer of juvenile delinquency and various researchers have reported different of! Affects male and female youths, although this has not always been the case “ juvenile ” factors and! Each nation has its own specific definition of the age range covered by the ``... Said “ juvenile ” and the social control theory children or those that have visible physical impairments suffer. Country ( Nigeria ) stopped immediately insecurity a reason why people treat others in an aggressive way an deviates... In family mental illnesses are the main sustainer of juvenile delinquency has also contributed the..., economical or psychological background because they learn from others around them especially in Zaria in.... In all ramifications, the study looks at the nature and consequences of juvenile in!: problems of orphanage homes in Nigeria associated with development deduced that care!

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